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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Kanya Sumangala Yojana

31st October 2019

Why in news?

Kanya Sumangala Yojana” for girl child was recently launched in Lucknow, UP.

About the Scheme:

The Mukhya Mantri Kanya Sumangala Yojana was launched to promote the birth of the girl child and empower them by providing them financial help.

Purpose of the scheme:

To enable the parents to take proper care of the girl child with respect to her health and education and other aspects, in order to get the benefit.

Eligibility:

All girl children born after April 1, 2019 are eligible for the full fund. For the girl children born before April 1, 2019, the date will be used as a cut-off for other levels, in which they will be entitled to receive a part of the fund.

  • The scheme will strengthen PM Beti Bacho Beti Padho” campaign.
  • On the occasion, Union Women and Child Minister Smriti Irani was present.
  • Under the scheme, it will provide a fund worth Rs 15000 to every family where a girl child is born. The amount will be released to the family in a phased manner.
  • The funds under the scheme will be released at the time of her birth, vaccination, admission to Class 1, 5, 9 and graduation.
  • The scheme has been designed in a way that the parents will have to take proper care of the girl child with respect to her health and education and other aspects, in order to get the benefit.
  • At the same event, “Kanya Sumangala web portal” was also launched.

Few other initiatives to empower girls

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana: To generate awareness and also improve the efficiency of welfare services for the girl child.

Mahila-E-Haat: It is a bilingual online marketing platform that leverages technology to help aspiring women entrepreneurs, self-help groups, and NGOs to showcase their products and services

Mahila Shakti Kendra: To empower rural women with opportunities for skill development, employment, digital literacy, health and nutrition

Working Women Hostel: To ensure availability of safe, convenient accommodation for working family, along with daycare facilities for their children.

Randomized controlled Trials(RCTs)

Why in news?

The new Economics Nobel laureates – Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer – are considered to be instrumental in using randomised controlled trials to test the effectiveness of various policy interventions to alleviate poverty.

What is a randomised controlled trial?

It is an experiment that is designed to isolate the influence that a certain intervention or variable has on an outcome or event.

Why is randomised controlled trial so popular?

  1. At any point in time, there are multiple factors that work in tandem to influence various social events.
  2. RCTs allow economists and other social science researchers to isolate the individual impact that a certain factor alone has on the overall event.
  3. For instance, to measure the impact that hiring more teachers can have on children’s learning, researchers must control for the effect that other factors such as intelligence, nutrition, climate, economic and social status , which may also influence learning outcomes to various degrees, have on the final event.
  4. Randomised controlled trials promise to overcome this problem through the use of randomly picked samples.

Significance:

Many development economists believe that RCTs can help governments to find, in a thoroughly scientific way, the most potent policy measures that could help end poverty rapidly.

Criticisms of randomised controlled trials:

  • As per economist Angus Deaton, who won the economics Nobel Prize in 2015, “Understanding and misunderstanding randomised control trials” that simply choosing samples for an RCT experiment in a random manner does not really make these samples identical in their many characteristics.
  • While two randomly chosen samples might turn out to be similar in some cases, he argued, there are greater chances that most samples are not really similar to each other.
  • Other economists argue that social science research, including research in the field of development economics, may be inherently unsuited for such controlled researchsince it may be humanly impossible to control for multiple factors that may influence social events.

Facts for Prelims

IndiaGen

  • It is a programme managed by the CSIR for a free mapping of whole genomes of a person.
  • CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB) and the CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) are part of this.

The objectives of this programme are,

  1. To test if it’s possible to rapidly and reliably scan several genomes and advise people on health risks that are manifest in their gene and,
  2. Understand the variation and frequency of certain genes that are known to be linked to disease.

 

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