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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Industry –University Linkage Index

23rd October 2019

Why in news?

Recently, the PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry in association with the Ministry of Science and Technology has released the Industry-University Index assessing input-output relations between the education sector (Universities) and industries.

 More related facts:

  • Industry linkages are found moderate in Indiawith an overall score of7 on a scale of 10.
  • Karnataka, Kerala, and Gujarathave topped in University-Industry Linkages (UILs) and have scored 8, 7.3 and 6.7 respectively.
  • Most of the northeastern statesare at the bottom of the stack, while larger states such as West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, and Bihar are poor performers.
  • The survey identifies 10 sectors for improving industry linkagethrough capacity building, research and development activity, including agro and food processing, textiles, information technology (IT) and IT-enabled services, energy, cement, pharmaceuticals, and automotive sectors.
  • The index highlighted that the Bayh Dole Act of USof the 1980s has been proven the best model in strengthening university-industry linkages.
  • This act has been implemented by many countries world over.

India is at a very nascent stage of developing strong linkages between universities and industries.

  • One of the key bottle-neck in the country has been the absence of a clear policy for strengthening linkages between the university and industry.
  • The index emphasized revival of the Protection and Utilization of Public-Funded Intellectual Property (PUPFIP) Bill which was tabled in 2008 but later withdrawn from Parliament.

The PUPFIP bill was prepared on the lines of the Bayh Dole Act.

Bayh Dole Act

  • The Bayh-Dole Act, formally known as the Patent and Trademark Act Amendments of 1980, added a new official policy for the granting of patents in the United States.
  • The Act created a viable route by which new insights and valuable research results from universities and other institutions can make their way efficiently to start-ups and established firms.

This law settled a longstanding issue about the patenting of federally-funded projects.

Protection and Utilization of Public-Funded Intellectual Property (PUPFIP) Bill, 2008

  • It seeks to provide incentives for creating and commercializing intellectual property from public-funded research.
  • The Bill requires the scientist who creates an intellectual property to immediately inform the research institution.
  • The institution shall disclose this information to the government within 60 days.
  • The scientist shall be paid a minimum of 30% of net royalties received from the PUPFIP.
  • Failure of the scientist to intimate the institution, and of the institution to inform the government carries penalties, which include fines and recovery of the grant funds.

PLETHORA 2 (PLT 2)

Why in news?

An international team of researchers lead by Prof. Kalika Prasad, from the School of Biology at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Thiruvananthapuram has pointed out that a protein called PLETHORA 2 (PLT 2) was the essential ingredient for primary and lateral root regeneration.

Key Findings :

  • Researchers studied a road-side plant of the mustard family and noticed that within eight hours of cutting its root tip, a high build-up of the protein at the site of damage.
  • Using real-time live imaging the team was able to track the behaviour of the protein and found that the protein was distributed in the form of a gradient with the highest concentration in the root tip.
  • The team also noted that the entire plant root was not competent to regenerate and it was confined only to the tip of the root.
  • They then demonstrated that by delivering the PLT2 protein, regeneration can be triggered even from non-competent root cells, which have long ago ceased to divide.
  • They add that the protein works only at the right dose and exposure beyond the threshold was found to reduce the regeneration potential.

Agricultural benefits :

  • This regeneration is of immense importance to agronomically important plant species like carrot, radish or beetroot, in which the edible part is the primary root.
  • Similar to other plants, these crops encounter damage to their primary root tips during growth and PLT2 protein can enable quick regeneration in such cases
  • During the early stages of plant growth, the plant relies only on the primary root and any damage if not regenerated will halt the further growth of the root, which can prove very detrimental to the plant. The newly identified protein can be used to address these issues.
  • Aerial organs such as leaves and stems often encounter injuries and their quick repair is essential for the survival of plants. Interestingly, members of the PLETHORA proteins are known to repair such damages and allow the plant to restore their growth.

Facts for Prelims

Community policing scheme ‘Prahari’:

  • Launched by Delhi Police.
  • To prevent crime and maintain law and order in Delhi.
  • Under this scheme, civil personnel such as chowkidars and security guards deployed in the commercial and VIP areas will act as the eyes and ears of the police.

Significance:

The move will help to bring professionalism in the work of security guards by giving them appropriate training and enabling frequent police-Prahari interaction and co-operation.

 

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