Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
India’s National Wildlife Action Plan( 2017-2031)
8th Sep 2020
It consists of 17 chapters with new action themes like Climate Change and Wildlife, Wildlife health, Inland Aquatic and Coastal and Marine conservation, and Human-wildlife conflict mitigation.
- It has chapters on people’s participationin wildlife conservation to elicit the involvement of people in wildlife conservation.
- It provides for priority projectslike setting up of ‘Electronic-eye (e-eye) surveillance’in highly sensitive Tiger Reserves and Protected Areas, beside the use of Drone/ UAV technology for airborne monitoring and better protection of wildlife.
- It also focuses on‘Management of Tourism in Wildlife Areas’ and‘Control of poaching and illegal trade in wildlife’.
Wildlife Protection Act, 1972:
To protect and conserve wildlife from illegal poaching and hunting. There are Six Schedules in the Act:
- ScheduleI and part II of Schedule II provide absolute protection with the highest penalties.
- Schedule IIIand Schedule IV provide protection with lesser penalties.
- Schedule Vincludes animals that can be hunted.
- Schedule VI bans cultivation and plantingof protected plants.
Offences Punishable under Wildlife Protection Act, 1972:
- The Act was amended in 2003 and provided for stringent punishment for huntingor harvesting the wild animals.
- Schedule I and Schedule II provides for offences related to wild animals’ body part or products.
- Penalty enhanced for hunting or altering boundaries of a Sanctuary or National Park.
- Vehicles or weapons used for committing crimes can be seized.
- Minimum imprisonment is three years that can be extended to seven years with a minimum fine of Rs10,000.
Other Wildlife Protection Acts passed by States:
- Madras Wild Elephants Preservation Act, 1873
- All India Elephant Preservation Act, 1879
- The Wild Bird and Animals prohibition Act, 1912
- Bengal Rhinoceros Preservation Act, 1932
- Assam Rhinoceros Preservation Act, 1954
- Indian Board for Wildlife, 1952
BRAP ranking of states
Why in News?
4th edition of Business Reform Action Plan (BRAP) ranking of states announced recently by the Department of Industrial Promotion and Internal Trade (DPIIT).
- Ranking of States is based on the implementation of Business Reform Action Plan started in the year 2015.
- One “major change” in the current rankings is the government’s decision to link the state’s performance “exclusively” to user feedback.
The five ten states under State Reform Action Plan 2019 are:
- Andhra Pradesh
- Uttar Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh
What is BRAP?
The Business Reform Action Plan 2018-19 includes 180 reform points covering 12 business regulatory areas such as Access to Information, Single Window System, Labour, Environment, etc.
Why are the states ranked on BRAP Implementation?
The larger objective of attracting investments and increasing Ease of Doing Business in each State was sought to be achieved by introducing an element of healthy competition through a system of ranking states based on their performance in the implementation of Business Reform Action Plan.
Significance and the need for these rankings:
State rankings will help attract investments, foster healthy competition and increase Ease of Doing Business in each State.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Yanomami Tribe has asked the Indian Government to stop buying Blood gold which is gold mined illegally from the Yanomami land.
Yanomami Tribe: They live in the rainforests and mountains of northern Brazil and southern Venezuela.
According to Survival International, they are the largest relatively isolated tribe in South America.
They practice hunting and slash-and-burn agriculture and speak the Xirianá language.
Note: Brazilian indigenous leader Davi Kopenawa who secured the land rights of the Yanomami people was awarded the Right Livelihood Award-2019 also known as Sweden’s alternative Nobel Prize.