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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Hurricane Nana

4th Sep 2020

Why in News:

Atlantic Hurricane Nana has made a landfall on the coast of Belize.

  • The country Belize is located on the northeast coast of Central America.
  • Few days back, Hurricane Lauramade landfall in southwestern Louisiana (South Central United States).

Tropical Cyclone:

A hurricane is a type of storm called a tropical cyclone, which forms over tropical or subtropical waters.

  • A tropical cyclone is a rotating low-pressure weather systemthat has organized thunderstorms but no fronts (a boundary separating two air masses of different densities).

Speed of Winds:

Tropical cyclones with maximum sustained surface winds of less than 39 miles per hour (mph) are called tropical depressions.

  • Those with maximum sustained winds of 39 mph orhigher are called tropical storms.
  • When a storm’s maximum sustained winds reach 74 mph,it is called a

 Scaling of Wind Speed:

  • The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scaleis a 1 to 5 rating,or category, based on a hurricane’s maximum sustained winds.
  • The higher the category, the greater the hurricane’spotential for property


  • There needs to be warm ocean waterand moist, humid airin the region.
  • When humid air is flowing upward at a zone of low pressure over warm ocean water, the water is released from the air as creating the clouds of the storm.

It has a low pressure centre and clouds spiraling towards the eyewall surrounding the “eye”, the central part of the system where the weather is normally calm and free of clouds.

  • Its diameteris typically around200 to 500 km, but can reach 1000 km.
  • The windsblow counterclockwisein the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • A tropical cyclone brings very violent winds, torrential rain, high waves and, in some cases, very destructive storm surges and coastal flooding.

Different Names:

Hurricane: Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, North Atlantic Ocean and the eastern and central North Pacific Ocean

Typhoon: Western North Pacific

Cyclone: Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea

Willy-willies: Australia

Mission Karmayogi

Why in News?

The Union Cabinet has approved Mission Karmayogi, the national programme for civil services capacity building.

  • This scheme is based on the government’s vision of how a civil servant should be, and this is the biggest Human Resources Development reform in the government.


  • This programme will lay the foundation for capacity building for civil servants so that they remained entrenched in Indian culture, while they learn from best practices across the world.

Aim & Objective– Mission Karmayogi aims to prepare Indian civil servants for the future by making them more creative, constructive, imaginative, proactive, innovative, progressive, professional, energetic, transparent and technology-enabled.

  • The mission will focus on individual (civil servants) & institutional capacity building.
  • Comprehensive reform of the capacity building apparatus at the individual, institutional and process levels for efficient public service delivery.

Key Points:

  • Proper institutional framework- The institutional framework will consist of Prime Minister’s Public Human Resources (HR) Council, Capacity Building Commission, Special Purpose Vehicle for owning and operating the digital assets and the technological platform for online training, and Coordination Unit headed by the Cabinet Secretary.
  • Capacity Building Commission- Capacity Building Commission will be set up which will harmonise training standards, create shared faculty & resources & will have a supervisory role over all training institutions so that there’s common understanding of India’s aspirations & development goals.
  • PM led HR Council – A council headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi will help approve civil services capacity building plans under Mission Karmayogi.
  • The council consist of national & international experts under the chairmanship of Prime Minister.
  • Establishment of Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV)- A wholly owned Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) will be set up. The SPV will create and operationalize the content, market place and manage key business services of the iGOT-Karmayogi platform.


  • Mission Karmayogi is an endeavour to reincarnate a government servant into an ideal karma yogi to serve the nation. It will provide a mechanism for continuous capacity building & constant updating of the talent pool.
  • The programme will also help in making the civil servants more professional, progressive, energetic, inculcating right attitude, technology-enabled which is aligned to the vision of a “New India”
  • This shall help in ending the culture of working in silos and to overcome the multiplicity of training curriculum which we have because of institutions spread all over the country.


  • To serve the need of the hour and the nation adequately, National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building will bring a shift in the human resource management from ‘rules-based’ to a ‘roles-based’ approach.
  • This shall put great emphasis on the role of ‘on-site learning’ while complementing the ‘off-site learning’ methodology. Linking training and development of competencies of civil servants will be targetted through Mission Karmayogi.


Sohrai Khovar Painting

Why in News?

Jharkhand’s Sohrai Khovar painting and Telangana’s Telia Rumal were awarded the Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the Geographical Indications Registry. 

About Telia Rumal:

The Telia Rumal traces its origin back to a small village, Puttapaka in Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh, having some 20 families engaged in handloom weaving of the same. Telia Rumal received the patronization of Nizam of Hyderabad and flourished in that reign.

  • The officers working in the court of the Nizam would wear the Chituki Telia Rumalas a symbolic representation of status and were worn as a veil by princesses in the court of erstwhile Nizam. Also, it was used as turban cloth by  
  • Telia Rumal cloth involves intricate handmade work with cotton loomdisplaying a variety of designs and motifs in three particular colours — red, black and white.
  • Telia Rumals are offered at the dargah of Ajmer Sharif in Rajasthan, with some devotees offering 50 or even 100

About Sohrai Khovar Painting:

  •  It is traditional and ritualistic mural art being practised by local tribal women during local harvest and marriage seasons using local, naturally available soils of different colours primarily in the district of Hazaribagh only .

Traditionally painted on the walls of mud houses, they are now appearing on other types of surfaces, too.

  •  In recent times the walls of important public places in Jharkhand, such as the Birsa Munda Airport in Ranchi, and the Hazaribagh and Tatanagar Railway Stations, among others, have been decorated with Sohrai-Khovar paintings.

What is a GI Tag?

  • A geographical indication is a name or sign used on products which correspond to a specific geographical location or origin.
  • The use of a geographical indication, as a type of indication of source, acts as a certification that the product possesses certain qualities, is made according to traditional methods, or enjoys a certain reputation, due to its geographical origin.
  • GI Tag ensures that none other than those registered as authorized users are allowed to use the popular product name. In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place.
  • The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry provides the GI tag in India.



 Chushul valley:

It is a village in Leh, Ladakh, India.

  • It is located in the Durbuk tehsil, in the area known as “Chushul valley”.
  • It is close to Rezang La and Panggong Lakeat a height of 4,360 metres.
  • Chushul is one of the five officially agreed Border Personnel Meeting points between the Indian Army and the People’s Liberation Army of China for regular consultations and interactions between the two armies to improve relations.
  • This place is famous for the Indian Army who fought to the ‘last man, last round’ at Rezang La (Chushul) on November 18, 1962. Without this crucial victory, the territory might have been captured by China.

Mundra Port:

It is the largest private port of India located on the north shores of the Gulf of Kutch.


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