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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Global Wind Report 2021

Why in news?

The report has been published by Global Wind Energy Council on March 25, 2021.

The global wind power market has nearly quadrupled in size over the past decade.

  • The report also warns that in order to achieve the global climate goals and limit global warming to below 2 degrees, it would be important to increase the speed of new wind power installations.
  • Power-to-X is set to become one of the breakthrough solutions which will dispatch green power to different end-use sectors to reduce their dependency on fossil fuels from heating to manufacturing.
  • The new installations would be before the next decade and would be three times higher then the pre- industrial levels.
  • By 2020, almost 93 GW of the new capacity would be installed
  • The 93 GW of new installations has brought global cumulative wind power capacity up to 743 GW. 
  • The above mentioned amount of energy produced can reduce 1.1 billion tonnes of CO2 annually.
  • As compared to earlier records the global wind power has seen a rise of four times in the year 2020.
  • China and the US remained the world’s largest markets for new onshore additions.
  •  The report also informs that the economies together increased their market share by 15 percent to 76%, driven by the Feed-in Tariff (FiT) cut-off in China and the scheduled phase-out of the full-rate Production Tax Credit (PTC) in the USA.
  • On the regional level, 2020 was also a record year for onshore installations in Asia Pacific.
  • The world needs to install a minimum of 180 GW of new wind energy to limit global warming.
  • The net emission target has to be met by 2050.

Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC):

  • The Global Wind Energy Council, GWEC was established in 2005.
  • It provides credible and representative form for the complete wind energy industry on an international scale.
  • It’s headquarters are located in Belgium.

Facts for Prelims :

RE-HAB:

A pilot project RE-HAB (Reducing Elephant-Human Attacks using Bees) has been launched in Karnataka which entails installing bee boxes along the periphery of the forest and the villages to mitigate human-elephant conflict.

  • These spots are located on the periphery of Nagarahole National Park and Tiger Reserve, which is a known conflict zone.

Key Point:

It is intended to create “bee fences” to thwart elephant attacks in human habitations using honeybees.

Advantages:

  • The bee boxes will dissuade elephantswithout causing any harm to them.
  • Extremely cost-effectiveas compared to various other measures such as digging trenches or erecting fences.
  • The initiative will increase honey production andfarmers’ income.

 

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