Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Global Hunger Index-2019
17th October 2019
Why in news?
India has slipped to 102 position in the Global Hunger Index 2019 of 117 countries, slipping from its 2018 position of 95 and behind its neighbours Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
The report, prepared jointly by Irish aid agency Concern Worldwide and German organisation Welt Hunger Hilfe termed the level of hunger in India.
More Facts :
- Seventeen countries, including Belarus, Ukraine, Turkey, Cuba and Kuwait, shared the top rank with GHI scores of less than five, the website of the Global Hunger Index that tracks hunger and malnutrition .
- In 2000, India was ranked 83 out of 113 countries. Now, with 117 countries in the fray, it has dropped to 102 rank. Its GHI score has also decelerated — from 9 in 2005 to 32 in 2010 and then from 32 to 30.3 between 2010 and 2019.
- The GHI score is calculated on four indicators — undernourishment; child wasting, the share of children under the age of five who are wasted (that is, who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition); child stunting, children under the age of five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition; and child mortality, the mortality rate of children under the age of five..
Neighbouring countries like Nepal (73), Sri Lanka (66), Bangladesh (88), Myanmar (69) and Pakistan (94) are also in the ‘serious’ hunger category, but have fared better at feeding its citizens than India.
China (25) has moved to a ‘low’ severity category and Sri Lanka is in the ‘moderate’ severity category.
However, India has shown improvement in other indicators such as the under-5 mortality rate, prevalence of stunting among children and prevalence of undernourishment owing to inadequate food.
PM –JAY Scheme
Why in news?
PM-JAY is one of the two components under Ayushman Bharat scheme/National Health Protection Scheme.
It aims to reduce out of pocket hospitalisation expenses by providing health insurance coverage up to Rs.5 lakh/family/year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization.
- The scheme will integrate two ongoing centrally sponsored schemes Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS).
- The NHPS remains disconnected from primary health care services.
- Also, a beneficiary covered under the scheme will be allowed to take cashless benefits from any public/private empanelled hospitals across the country.
The scheme will aim to target over 10 crore families based on SECC (Socio-Economic Caste Census) database.
- To ensure that nobody from the vulnerable group is left out of the benefit cover, there will be no cap on family size and age in the scheme.
- The insurance scheme will cover pre and post-hospitalisation expenses.
- All pre-existing diseases are also covered.
- It will also pay defined transport allowance per hospitalization to the beneficiary.
The expenditure incurred in premium payment will be shared between central and state governments in a specified ratio
- 60:40 for all states and UTs with their own legislature.
- 90:10 in NE states and the 3 Himalayan states of J&K, HP and Uttarakhand.
- 100% central funding for UTs without legislature.
- The State governments have the main responsibility of health service delivery.
- States will be allowed to expand the scheme both horizontally and vertically.
- Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Chhattisgarh, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh have emerged as the top performing States under PM-Jan Arogya Yojana Scheme.
- The States have provided free secondary and tertiary treatment worth nearly Rs 7,901 crore in one year.
- More than 60% of the amount spent on tertiary care such as Cardiology, Orthopaedics, Radiation Oncology and Urology etc.
Facts for Prelims
- Authorized World Skills India Training Centres (AWSITC) was recently launched by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
- It is being set up across 9 cities for the Media and Entertainment sector.
- The centres are not just to compete in the World/India Skills competitions buts also to further develop the skilling eco-system for training candidates for the international market.
- The state of the art AWSITCs is set up in partnership with the MESC (Media & Entertainment Skill Council).
It will help the candidates to enhance their skill as per the global standards and the training programs will be designed as per the NSFQ level, which will be industry linked