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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Global Housing Technology Challenges ( GHTC)

28th November 2019

Why in news?

Union Minister for Housing and Urban Affairs launched Credit-linked Subsidy Services Awas Portal (CLAP) in New Delhi.

Global Housing Technology Challenge (GHTC):

  • The Global Housing Technology Challenge (GHTC) an initiative by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, to make the construction of houses cost-effective and innovative.
  • It is under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Urban (PMAY-U).

The aim of GHTC:

  • GHTC-India aims to transform the existing construction practices in housing sector, which employ conventional construction systems that are slow paced, energy intensive, dependent heavily on depleting natural resources, polluting and have large carbon foot print.
  • The aim of the initiative is to fast-track the construction of affordable housing and meet the target of constructing 1.2 crore houses by 2022.

Components of GHTC:

The challenge has three components:

  • Conduct of Grand Expo-cum-Conference,
  • Identifying Proven Demonstrable Technologies from across the world and
  • Promoting Potential Technologies through setting up incubation centers at selected IITs and organizing

Sumatran rhino

Why in News ?

As per the study Sumatran rhino is now extinct in Malaysia.

Sumatran Rhino:

  • The Sumatran rhino is the smallest of the five extant rhino species in the world.
  • The other species include the White Rhino, the Black Rhino, the Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros and the Javan Rhino.

Location and Habitat:

  • Location:once found across parts of Southeast Asia, including the foothills of Bhutan and northeast India, southern China, Cambodia and Thailand, they are now restricted to just a few sites in Sumatra and Borneo, in Indonesia.
  • Habitat: the Sumatran rhino lives in dense tropical forest, in both the lowlands and highlands. Sumatran rhinos are well adapted to life in very dense tropical forests.
  • They are primarily attracted to areas with plentiful food resources, such as shrubs, fruits, shoots, leaves and roots.

Sumatran Rhinos in India:

  • In India the Sumatran Rhinos occurred in parts of Nagaland, Assam, Manipur, Tripura and Chittagong hills in the 19th century.
  • The species is now extinct in India.

IUCN Status:

  • Critically Endangered

Facts for Prelims

Kolleru Lake:

  • Kolleru Lake is one of the largest freshwater lakes in India located in Andhra Pradesh.
  • It is located between Krishna and Godavari deltas.
  • It spans into 2 districts of Andhra Pradesh Krishna and West Godavari.
  • It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in November 1999 under Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, and designated a wetland of international importance in November 2001 under Ramsar convention.
  • It is important habitat for resident and migratory birds, including the grey or spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis).
  • Many birds migrate here in winter, such as Siberian crane, ibis, and painted storks.

Atapaka Bird Sanctuary:

  • Atapaka Bird Sanctuary is located in Kolleru Lake on the borders of Krishna and West Godavari districts, and has been identified as the largest spot-billed pelican home in the world.
  • Atapaka is one of the largest pelicanry in the world as Thousands of pelicans, painted storks and other birds will visit the lake during winter season, roost, breed and fly with their off springs.
  • About 22,000 grey headed pelicans are spread across the globe, of which about 35 to 40 per cent were roosting at Atakapa Bird Sanctuary.
  • Every year Pelican Bird Festival is organised in Atapaka Bird Sanctuary.

The Grey Pelican:

  • The Grey Pelican also called the Spot Billed Pelican is listed in Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act and in the Red Data Book.
  • It is also considered a “globally threatened species” under the “vulnerable” category.

 

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