Daily Current Affairs – 2019
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Global Diplomacy Index 2019
Why in news?
The 2019 Global Diplomacy Index released.
About the Index:
- Index visualises the diplomatic networks of 61 G20, OECD and Asian countries and territories, allowing users to compare the most significant diplomatic networks in the world.
- Released by – Sydney based Lowy Institute.
- The 2019 edition contains data across three years – 2016, 2017 and 2019.
- The Index’s interactive map highlights gaps and concentrations in diplomatic networks, and indicates strengths and weaknesses in geographic coverage and geopolitical reach.
About the ranking:
- China now has more diplomatic posts across the world than United States in 2019.
- France, Japan, and Russia are ranked at 3rd, 4th, and 5th.
- India is 12th among the 61 countries ranked by the Lowy Institute.
Note –As of 2019, India has 123 embassies and high commissions and 54 consulates globally.
Child Relief And You ( CRY) Report
Why in news?
Crimes against children rise by 20 per cent say Child Relief and You (CRY) Report.
From the news:
- Crimes against children rose by 20 per cent –higher than overall number of crimes which rose by 3.6 per cent.
- The CRY analysis is based on the latest National Crime Records Bureau for 2016-2017 data released on October 2019.
About the Report:
- Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh topped the list of states for crimes against children.
- Jharkhand saw the highest increase in crimes against children at 73.9 per cent while Manipur had a significant decline of 18.7 per cent between 2016 and 2017.
Child labour and child marriages:
- The Child labour in the country saw a substantial increase of 126%.
- The report says that in 2016 child labour was 204 and it increased to 462 in 2017.
- In case of Child Marriage there has been an increase of 21.17 per cent.
- The numbers were based on the cases registered under Prohibition of Child Marriage Act (PCMA), 2006.
UNEP Gap Report
Why in news?
UNEP’s annual Emissions Gap Report – says that unless global greenhouse emissions fall by 7.6 per cent annually between 2020 and 2030.
From the Report:
- UNEP’s annual Emissions Gap Report –Cut global emissions by 6 percent every year for next decade to meet 1.5°C Paris target.
- The report finds that greenhouse gas emissions have risen 1.5 per cent per year over the last decade Emissions in 2018.
- Including from land-use changes such deforestation, hit a new high of 55.3 gigatonnes of CO2 equivalent.
- The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has warned that going beyond 1.5°C will increase the frequency and intensity of climate impacts.
What does the Emissions Gap Report measure?
The Emissions Gap Report measures and projects three key trendlines:
- The amount of greenhouse gas emissions every year up to 2030
- The commitments countries are making
- to reduce their emissions and the impact these commitments are likely to have on overall emission reduction
- The pace at which emissions must bereduced to reach an emission low that would limit temperature increase to 5oC, affordably
The emissions come from:
- G20 nations collectively account for 78 per cent of all emissions, but only five G20 members have committed to a long-term zero-semission target.
- The top four emitters (China, USA, EU28 and India) contribute to over 55 per cent of the total emissions, excluding emissions from land-use change such as deforestation.
- The largest shares of emissions come from the energy sector and its fossil fuel emissions.
More on report:
- To limit temperatures, annual emissions in 2030 need to be 1 gigatonne of CO2 equivalent lower than current unconditional NDC imply for the 2°C goal; they need to be 32 gigatonnes lower for the 1.5°C goal.
- On an annual basis, this means cuts in emissions of 7 per cent per year from 2020 to 2030 to meet the 1.5°C goal and 2.7 per cent per year for the 2°C goa
Facts for Prelims
‘YuWaah’- Generation Unlimited initiative:
- Launched by UNICEF.
- It brings young people together with the private sector, governments, international and local organisations.
- The aim is to tackle the urgent challenge of investing in their learning and training so that they are prepared for the complex and fast-changing world of work and can be active and engaged citizens.
- The 6th Asian Dendrochronology Conference being held at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences in Lucknow.
- This is the first time that the conference is being held in India.
What is it?
Dendrochronology is the study of tree rings that hold a wealth of information about not only a tree’s past but also that of the ecosystem in which it lives.