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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Gender Gap Index

Why in news?

India is 112th in WEF rankings on gender gap.

Gender Gap Index:

  • The Global Gender Gap Index is an index designed to measure gender equality in the major and emerging economies.
  • Released annually by World Economic Forum.
  • WEF had published its first gender gap report in 2006, when India was ranked relatively higher at 98th place.
  • The Global Gender Gap Report benchmarks 149 countries on their progress towards gender parity across four thematic dimensions:
  1. Economic Participation and Opportunity,
  2. Educational Attainment,
  3. Health and Survival and
  4. Political Empowerment.

Global Findings:

  • Iceland remains the world’s most gender-neutral country.
  • Yemen is ranked the worst (153rd), while Iraq is 152nd and Pakistan 151st.
  • China ranked 106th, Bangladesh50th, Brazil – 92nd, Nepal – 101st, Indonesia – 85th and Sri Lanka – 102nd.

From the Index:

  • The political gender gap will take 95 years to close, compared to 107 years last year.
  • The WEF said economic opportunities for women are extremely limited in India (35.4 per cent), Pakistan (32.7 per cent).

About India:

  • India slips to 112th rank
  • India has moved down the ladder from its 108th position last year.
  • As per the report India was ranked in bottom-five in terms of survival and economic participation.
  • India slipped to 150th rank in health and survival, 149th in economic participation, 112th in educational attainment.

India improved to 18th place in terms of political empowerment.

Facts for Prelims

What is Trakea?

  • Haryana Police has adopted unique barcoding softwareTrakea — to ensure that thousands of forensic reports that form the backbone of the criminal investigation system and subsequent trials in the courts of law, are not tampered with.

 

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