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Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Fusarium Root Disease
Why in News?
An improved understanding of Fusarium, a root pathogen infection in banana plant may soon help develop strategies to prevent the disease that causes wilting of the fruit crop.
Fusarium is a large genus of filamentous fungii.
It is part of hyphomycetes group which is widely distributed in soil and associated with plants.
Banana Production in India:
India is the largest producer of bananas in the world.
In India, 29.7 million tonnes of bananas are produced in an area of 88 million hectares.
Banana productivity in India is 37 MT per hectare.
Although banana is cultivated in India in 5 percent area of the world, but the production of banana in India is 25.58 percent compared to the world.
It is noteworthy that there has been a steady increase in the demand of bananas.
This is the reason why the domestic demand of banana has been projected to increase to 60 million tonnes by the year 2050 by the Ministry.
According to the study, while banana production is likely to decrease in some countries on the one hand, on the other hand, there may be an overall increase in banana production in Ecuador and Honduras and many African
During the study, scientists assessed the effects of climate change on banana productivity using sophisticated modeling techniques.
Fact for Prelims
A neutrinois a subatomic particle that is very similar to an electron, but has no electrical charge and a very small mass, which might even be zero.
Neutrinosare one of the most abundant particles in the universe. Because they have very little interaction with matter, however, they are incredibly difficult to detect.