Daily Current Affairs – 2020Topic: For Prelims and Mains
25th Sep 2020
In a big push towards electric mobility the Government has sanctioned 670 Electric buses in the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat and Chandigarh and 241 Charging Stations in Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Gujarat and Port Blair under Phase-II of FAME India Scheme.
The FAME(Faster Adoption and Manufacture of (Hybrid and) Electric Vehicles) was launched by the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises in 2015 to incentivize the production and promotion of eco-friendly vehicles including electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles.
Phase I: started in 2015 and was completed on March 31st, 2019
Phase II: started from April 1st, 2019, will be completed by March 31st, 2022
Salient features of the scheme
The scheme provides the incentive in the form of subsidies to manufacturers of electric vehicles and infrastructure providers of electric vehicles.
It is a part of the National Electric Mobility Plan
Encouraging electric vehicles by providing subsidies is the main thrust of the scheme.
The vehicles such as two wheelers, three wheelers, electric and hybrid cars and electric buses obtained the subsidy benefit of the scheme. It also covers electric and Hybrid technologies like Mild Hybrid, Strong Hybrid, Plug in Hybrid & Battery Electric Vehicles.
This second phase of FAME is an expanded version of the first phase
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Launched in 2014 by the then Ministry of Human Resource Development (now Ministry of Education).
Aim: to meet the Right to Education Act’s mandate that all schools must have separate toilets for boys and girls.
Central public sector enterprises (CPSEs) were roped in to implement the program.
The programme norms require the CPSEs to build toilets with running water and hand washing facilities.
It also requires CPSEs to maintain the toilets for three to five years while charging the annual expenses to their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) budgets.
Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) recently submitted a report on the performance of this program.
Public sector units claimed to have constructed 1.4 lakh toilets in government schools as part of a Right to Education project, but almost 40% of those surveyed were found to be non-existent, partially constructed, or unused.
Over 70% did not have running water facilities in the toilets, while 75% were not being maintained hygienically.
The objective of providing separate toilets for boys and girls was not fulfilled in 27% of the schools, said the CAG.
They are the largest lizards on Earth.
They have venom glands loaded with toxins which have been shown to secrete anticoagulants.
Komodo National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is situated in the Island of Komodo (eastern Indonesia) and is the habitat for this lizard species.
IUCN Status of the animal is Vulnerable.
According to a recent study, these lizards could become extinct in the next few decades due to climate change unless measures are taken to change the status quo.