Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Eat Right India
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Why in News?
Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare today presided over an inter-ministerial meet with FSSAI and senior officials of various ministries to build a ‘Whole of Government’ approach to achieve ‘Vision 2050’ of the eat Right India Movement.
- The Union Minister took note of the fact the economic cost of food borne diseases in India is estimated to be a whooping $15 billion.
- While Wasting (21%), Underweighting (36%), Stunting (38%) are common among children, with 50% of women and children suffering from anaemia; prevalence of Obesity has doubled in the decade (2005-2015) from 3% to 18.6% among males and from 12.6% to 20.7% among females with a corresponding rise in deaths due to NCDs.
The ‘Eat Right Movement’ :
To improve public health in India and combat negative nutritional trends to fight lifestyle diseases, FSSAI launched ‘The Eat Right Movement’ in 2018.
About Eat Right India’ programme
- Eat Right India’, built on two broad pillars of ‘Eat Healthy’ and ‘Eat Safe’,aims to engage, excite and enable citizens to improve their health and well being.
- The Eat Healthy pillarof the movement is about nudging citizens to make healthy food choices and building healthy food habits. It encourages them to choose nutritious and fortified foods in the right proportion and limit foods that are high in salt, sugar, and fat. It also stresses upon the importance of physical and mental wellbeing.
- The Eat Safe pillar is about ensuring food safety to prevent foodborne diseases.
- It includes maintaining hygiene and sanitation, both personal, and environmental, proper waste disposal, following safe food practices and combating adulteration
- The food industry, public health professionals, civil society and consumer organizations, influencers and celebrities came together on a common platform and pledged to take concrete steps to amplify ‘The Eat Right Movement’ in the country.
- The strength of the ‘The Eat Right Movement’ lies in its holistic and collaborative approach, with stakeholders on both the demand and supply-sidejoining to make a difference through some clearly identified steps;
- On the demand side, the Eat Right Movement focuses on empowering citizens to make the right food choices.
- On the supply side, it nudges food businesses to reformulate their products, provide better nutritional information to consumers and make investments in healthy food as responsible food businesses.
- ‘The Eat Right Movement’ brings together three ongoing initiatives of FSSAI:
- Safe and Nutritious Food Initiativefocused on social and behavioural change around food safety and nutrition at home, school, workplace, and on-the-go;
- The Eat Healthy Campaignfocused on the reduction of high fat, sugar and salt foods in the diet; and
- Food Fortification focused on promoting five staple foods-wheat flour, rice, oil, milk and salt that are added with key vitamins and minerals to improve their nutritional content.
Topics : GS II( Education)/Pre & Main
Why in News?
The Cabinet has recently approved Rs. 5718 crore World Bank aided project STARS for Improving School Education.
- Implementation of the Strengthening Teaching-Learning and Results for States(STARS) project with a total project cost of Rs 5718 crore with the financial support of World Bank amounting to US $ 500 million (approximately Rs. 3700 crore).
- STARS project would be implemented as a new Centrally Sponsored Scheme under Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education. (MOE)
- Setting up and support to the National Assessment Centre, PARAKH as an independent and autonomous institution under Department of School Education and Literacy, MOE.
- The project covers 6 States namely Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala and Odisha.
- The identified States will be supported tor various interventions for improving the quality of education.
- Besides this project, it is also envisaged to implement a similar ADB funded project in 5 states namely Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand and Assam.
All states will partner with one other state for sharing their experiences and best practices.
- The STARS project seeks to support the states in developing, implementing, evaluating and improving interventions with direct linkages to improved education outcomes and school to work transition strategies for improved labour market outcomes.
- The overall focus and components of the STARS project are aligned with the objectives of National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 of Quality Based Learning Outcomes.
- The Project envisions improving the overall monitoring and measurement activities in the Indian School Education System through interventions in selected states.
- The project shifts focus from the provision of inputs and maintaining of outputs to actual outcomes by linking the receipt and disbursement of funds to these outcomes.
The STARS Project has two major components:
1) At the national level, the project envisages the following interventions which will benefit all states and UTs:
- To strengthen MOE’s national data systems to capture robust and authentic data on retention, transition and completion rates of students.
- To support MOE in improving states PGI scores by incentivizing states governance reform agenda through SIG (State Incentive Grants).
- To support the strengthening of learning assessment systems.
At the State level, the project envisages:
Strengthening Early Childhood Education and Foundational Learning
- Improving Learning Assessment Systems
- Strengthening classroom instruction and remediation through teacher development and school leadership
- Governance and Decentralized Management for Improved Service Delivery.
- Strengthening Vocational education in schools through mainstreaming, career guidance and counselling, internships and coverage of out of school children
The STARS project also aims to focus on initiatives of PM e-Vidya, Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission and National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education as part of the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.
Facts For Prelims
Launched by PRINCE William and The Royal Foundation.
It offers £50m (US$65m) in funding for solutions to the environmental and climate crises.
- To provide an incentive to find solutions to repair the planet over the next decade.
- To improve living standards globally and find environmental solutions that work on every level through new ways of thinking, new technologies, systems, and policies.
The prize is centred around five Earthshot challenges:
- Protect and restore nature.
- Clean our air.
- Revive our oceans.
- Build a waste-free world.
- Fix our climate.
The prize is open to anyone – individuals or teams – which could comprise engineers, activists, schools, economists, governments, banks, businesses, and regions.
The prize money will be used to support the projects to help scale the work.