A Leading Consultancy for Civil Services. Established in 1988 to Provide Expert Guidance...
Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 7 Nov 2019
A recent study stated that an active and naturally occurring life cannot be sustained at Danakil, Ethiopia.
A study published in Nature Ecology & Evolution says that active and naturally occurring life cannot be sustained at Danakil.
It identifies two barriers:
Magnesium-dominated brines that cause cells to break down.
An Environment having simultaneously very low pH and high salt, a combination that makes adaptation highly difficult.
Danakil Depression is located in northeastern Ethiopia.
It is one of the world’s hottest places, as well as one of its lowest, at 100 metres below sea level.
It was formed by the evaporation of an inland water body.
All the water entering Danakil evaporates, and no streams flow out from its extreme environment.
It is covered with more than 10 lakh tonnes of salt.
Inner Line Permit (ILP) System
It is an official travel document required by Indian citizens residing outside certain protected states while entering them.
The ILP is issued by the Government of India and is obligatory for all those who reside outside the protected states.
By the ILP, government aims to regulate movement to certain areas located near the international border of India.
Currently, the Inner Line Permit is operational in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland.
At the national level, Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) and National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) are the key committees involved in the top-level decision-making wrt Disaster Management (DM).
It deals with major crisis which have serious or national ramification
It is headed by the Cabinet Secretary (Chairperson)
The 2012 Cape Town Agreement (CTA), adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), outlines fishing vessel standards and includes other regulations designed to protect the safety of crews and observers and provide a level playing field for industry.
It seeks to introduce mandatory safety measures for fishing vessels of 24 metres and over in length.
It seeks to help combat illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing.
Thus far, 13 countries have ratified the Cape Town Agreement: Belgium, Congo, Cook Islands, Denmark, France, Germany, Iceland, The Netherlands, Norway, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe, South Africa and Spain.
India, ranked third in fisheries, is yet to ratify the CTA.
Deepotsav or the festival of lamps is celebrated in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, during Diwali, where over 5.50 lakh earthen lamps or diyas will be lit.
Recently, the Uttar Pradesh government has granted the status of State fair to the Deepotsav Mela.
With this change in status, Deepotsav will now be planned by the District Magistrate of Ayodhya.
In 2018, Ayodhya broke a Guinness World Record by lighting more than 3 lakh earthen lamps and keeping them lit for at least 45 minutes on the banks of river Saryu.
Last year, the festival showcased the Korean connection to the town, and South Korea’s first lady Kim Jung-sook was the chief guest at the event.