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Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 4 Feb 2020

Question 1.

Answer-b

Explanation:

  • The Election Commission removed BJP leadersAnurag Thakur and Parvesh Sahib Singh from the party’s list of star campaigners.
  • A recognised political party can have 40 star campaigners and an unrecognised (but registered) political party can have 20.
  • The list of star campaigners has to be communicated to the Chief Electoral Officer and Election Commission within a week from the date of notification of an election.
  • The expenditure incurred on campaigning by such notified star campaigners is exempt from being added to the election expenditure of a candidate. However, this only applies when a star campaigner limits herself to a general campaign for the political party she represents.

 

Question 2.

Answer- c

Explanation:

  • The Survey was tabled by the Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs, Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman, in the Parliament recently.
  • The Economic Survey 2019-20 has stated that the access to Nutrition and Electricity resulted in higher growth rate in India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and new firm creation in Service Sector is far greater than that in Manufacturing, Infrastructure or Agriculture.

 

Question 3.

Answer- a 

Explanation:

  • Paraquat is an herbicide used in agricultural fields.
  • The chances of survival are dim for anyone who consumes the herbicide.
  • Paraquat consumption leads to pulmonary fibrosis and patients find difficulty in respiration.
  • It affects the lungs, liver and kidney.
  • No antidote is available for the paraquat herbicide.
  • Even if a person survives, he will not be fully fit as pulmonary fibrosis worsens with the passage of time.
  • 38 countries having already banned the sale of paraquat and in India, it is also banned in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

 

Question 4.

Answer : d

Explanation:

  • The 15th Finance Commission has reduced the vertical devolution from 42% to 41%. It has used the criterion of ‘demographic effort’ to offset the population parameter.
  • The Fifteenth Finance Commission (FC) has considered the 2011 population along with forest cover, tax effort, area of the state, and “demographic performance” to arrive at the states’ share in the divisible pool of taxes.

 

Question 5.

 Answer : c

Explanation:

  • North Eastern Council (NEC) was constituted as a statutory advisory body under the NEC Act 1971 and came into being on the 7th November, 1972 at Shillong.
  • The eight States of Northeast India viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim, are members of the council, with their respective Chief Ministers and Governors representing them.
  • Sikkim was added to the council in the year 2002.
  • In June 2018, the chairmanship of NEC was transferred by Union Cabinet to Home Minister from Minister of Development of NER.

 

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