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Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 30 Nov 2019

Question 1.

Answer-  d

Explanation:

  • CBM is extracted from unconventional gas reservoirs — where gas is extracted directly from the rock .
  • CMB is formed during the process of coalification, the transformation of plant material into coal.
  • The methane is held underground within the coal and is extracted by drilling into the coal seam and removing the groundwater.
  • The resulting drop in pressure causes the methane to be released from the coal.

CBM can be used for:

  • Power generation,
  • As compressed natural gas (CNG) auto fuel,
  • As feedstock for fertilizers,
  • Industrial uses such as in cement production,
  • Rolling mills,
  • Steel plants, and
  • For methanol production.

 

Question 2.

Answer-  c

Explanation:

UNEP’s annual Emissions Gap Report – says that global greenhouse emissions will fall by 7.6 per cent annually between 2020 and 2030.

  • UNEP’s annual Emissions Gap Report –Cut global emissions by 6 percent every year for next decade to meet 1.5°C Paris target.
  • The report finds that greenhouse gas emissions have risen 1.5 per cent per year over the last decade Emissions in 2018.
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has warned that going beyond 1.5°C will increase the frequency and intensity of climate impacts.

The Emissions Gap Report measures and projects three key trend lines: 

  1. The amount of greenhouse gas emissions every year up to 2030
  2. The commitments countries are making to reducetheir emissions and the impact these commitments are likely to have on overall emission reduction
  3. The pace at which emissions must bereduced to reach an emission low that would limit temperature increase to 5oC, affordably

 

Question 3.

Answer-  a

Explanation:

Crimes against children rise by 20 per cent say Child Relief and You (CRY) Report.

  • Crimes against children rose by 20 per cent –higher than overall number of crimes which rose by 3.6 per cent.
  • The CRY analysis is based on the latest National Crime Records Bureau for 2016-2017 data released on October 2019.
  • Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh topped the list of states for crimes against children.
  • Jharkhand saw the highest increase in crimes against children at 73.9 per cent while Manipur had a significant decline of 18.7 per cent between 2016 and 2017.

Question 4.

Answer-  d

Explanation:

  • Index visualises the diplomatic networks of 61 G20, OECD and Asian countries and territories, allowing users to compare the most significant diplomatic networks in the world.
  • Released by – Sydney based Lowy Institute.
  • The 2019 edition contains data across three years – 2016, 2017 and 2019.
  • The Index’s interactive map highlights gaps and concentrations in diplomatic networks, and indicates strengths and weaknesses in geographic coverage and geopolitical reach.
  • China has more diplomatic posts across the world than United States in 2019.
  • France, Japan, and Russia are ranked at 3rd, 4th, and 5th.
  • India is 12th among the 61 countries ranked by the Lowy Institute.

 

Question 5.

Answer-  a

Explanation:

  • Mohinder Singh Dhillon (Dronacharya Award), Bajrang Punia (Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award) Mohammed Anas (Arjuna Award) and Tejinderpal Singh Toor (Arjuna Award) received their respective awards from the Sports Minister Kiren Rijiju

 

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