Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 25 June 2020
- The major reef formations in India are restricted to the Gulf of Mannar, Palk bay, Gulf of Kutch, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep islands.
- The Lakshadweep reefs are atolls; the others are mostly fringing reefs.
- Major threats for the corals: Natural: Environmental-Temperature, Sediment Deposition, Salinity, pH etc.
- Anthropogenic: Mining, Bottom Fishing, Tourism, pollution, etc.
Reef Building Coral, Black Coral, Organ Pipe Coral etc. are listed under Schedule I of Wildlife Protection Act 1972.
- The treaty was opened for signature on December 1, 1959, and officially entered into force on June 23, 1961.
- The original signatories were 12 countries: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States.
- India is also a party to the Antarctic Treaty.
- It aims for making Antarctic Continent as demilitarized zone to be preserved for scientific research only.
- The Mizoram State Government is organising “Zo Kutpui Festival” across 10 states in the country and also in other countries.
- It will also be organized in Maryland in the USA, Tahan in Myanmar, Churachandpur in Manipur and Bangladesh.
- The move is an attempt to unify and strengthen the brotherhood among various Mizo tribes living in different parts of the world.
- The Mizoram Government is trying to unify the Mizo population in the country and also across the world.
- In India, the Mizo population is found in Manipur, Tripura and Mizoram. There are 12 Mizo clans identified.
- In India, most of the coal production comes from open-cast mines.
Major coal mining regions
- Chendipada, Chendipada-II- Orissa
- Dongri Tal II in Madhya Pradesh
- Mednirai in Jharkhand
- Birmingham will host the 2022 Common Wealth Games.