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Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 25 Dec 2019
Cyber security experts have recently found a zero-day vulnerabilityin Windows, allowing attackers to gain higher privileges on the target machine and dodging protection mechanisms in the Google Chrome browser.
The newly discovered exploit was used in the malicious Wizard Opium operation.
A zero day exploit is a cyber attackthat occurs on the same day a weakness is discovered in software.
To enhance vehicle safety, the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has recently amended the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989, thereby allowing motor vehicles and their parts, components, assemblies and sub-assemblies to be affixed with permanent and nearly invisible microdots.
As per the new notification, manufacturers who are affixing microdot identifiers in the motor vehicles and their parts, components, assemblies, sub-assemblies shall conform to Automotive Industry Standards (AIS)-155 as amended from time to time.
Microdot technology involves spraying the body and parts of a vehicle – or any other machine – with microscopic dots.
The permanent and nearly invisible microdots can be read physically with a microscope and identified with an ultra violet light source.
Use of this technology helps to check vehicle theft and use of fake spare parts.
China calls Trump’s Space Force a ‘direct threat to peace’ and ‘serious violation of international consensus’.
Outer Space Treaty, formally Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, “Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies”, (1967), international treaty binding the parties to use outer space only for peaceful purposes.
Presently more than 100 countries are signatories to it. United States is also one of the signatories.
The treaty forbids countries from deploying “nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons of mass destruction” in outer space.
The term “weapons of mass destruction” is not defined, but it is commonly understood to include nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons.
India is the fifth most vulnerable country to climate change, according to a report released by Environment think tank, Germanwatch.