Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 25 August 2020
- It was institutionalized in 1995 on the 125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
- Ramakrishna Mission was the first institution and Baba Amte was the first Indian person to receive Gandhi Peace Prize in 1998 and 1999
- Julius K Nyerere, former Tanzanian President, was the first recipient of the award in 1995.
- The award is not given
Chak-Hao : Manipur
Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai : Tamil Nadu
Terracotta : Uttar Pradesh
Answer : d
- The vivad se vishwas scheme was announced by Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman during her budget speech on February 1, 2020.
- The scheme aims to settle the huge number of pending direct tax cases.
- Tyler Prize 2020 has been awarded to Indian economist who formulated Green Economy.
- It has been awarded to conservation biologist Gretchen C. Daily, and environmental economist Pavan Sukhdev, both pioneers in illuminating and quantifying the economic value of our natural environment.
- Pavan Sukhdev is a renowned environmental economist and UN Environment Programme Goodwill Ambassador.
- He was also appointed as the study leader of a global UNEP-hosted study on ‘The Economics of Ecosystems & Biodiversity’ from 2008 to 2010.
- The first report of the study was published during the peak of the 2008 global financial crisis.
- The report went on to become a foundation for the Global Green Economy movement.
- The Tyler prize is one of the first international premier environmental awards, described as the ‘Nobel Prize for Environment’
- Paraquat is an herbicide used in agricultural fields.
- The chances of survival are dim for anyone who consumes the herbicide.
- Paraquat consumption leads to pulmonary fibrosis and patients find difficulty in respiration.
- It affects the lungs, liver and kidney.
- No antidote is available for the paraquat herbicide.
- Even if a person survives, he will not be fully fit as pulmonary fibrosis worsens with the passage of time.
- 38 countries having already banned the sale of paraquat and in India, it is also banned in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.