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Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 25 August 2020

Question 1.

Answer-a

Explanation:

  • It was institutionalized in 1995 on the 125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Ramakrishna Mission was the first institution and Baba Amte was the first Indian person to receive Gandhi Peace Prize in 1998 and 1999
  • Julius K Nyerere, former Tanzanian President, was the first recipient of the award in 1995.
  • The award is not given

 

Question 2.

Answer- d

Explanation:

Chak-Hao                              :   Manipur

Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai        :  Tamil Nadu

Terracotta                                :   Uttar Pradesh

 

Question 3.

Answer : d

Explanation:

  • The vivad se vishwas scheme was announced by Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman during her budget speech on February 1, 2020.
  • The scheme aims to settle the huge number of pending direct tax cases.

 

Question 4.

Answer-a

Explanation :

  • Tyler Prize 2020 has been awarded to Indian economist who formulated Green Economy.
  • It has been awarded to conservation biologist Gretchen C. Daily, and environmental economist Pavan Sukhdev, both pioneers in illuminating and quantifying the economic value of our natural environment.
  • Pavan Sukhdev is a renowned environmental economist and UN Environment Programme Goodwill Ambassador.
  • He was also appointed as the study leader of a global UNEP-hosted study on ‘The Economics of Ecosystems & Biodiversity’ from 2008 to 2010.
  • The first report of the study was published during the peak of the 2008 global financial crisis.
  • The report went on to become a foundation for the Global Green Economy movement.
  • The Tyler prize is one of the first international premier environmental awards, described as the ‘Nobel Prize for Environment’

 

Question 5.

Answer- a

Explanation:

  • Paraquat is an herbicide used in agricultural fields.
  • The chances of survival are dim for anyone who consumes the herbicide.
  • Paraquat consumption leads to pulmonary fibrosis and patients find difficulty in respiration.
  • It affects the lungs, liver and kidney.
  • No antidote is available for the paraquat herbicide.
  • Even if a person survives, he will not be fully fit as pulmonary fibrosis worsens with the passage of time.
  • 38 countries having already banned the sale of paraquat and in India, it is also banned in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

 

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