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Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 18 September 2020
The 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) (also called as the BONN Convention), an environmental treaty under the aegis of United Nations Environment Programme, is going to be hosted by India during 17th to 22nd February 2020 at Gandhinagar in Gujarat.
As the host, India shall be designated the President for the next three years.
The Government of India is Signatory to the Convention on Conservation of Migratory wild Animals (CMS) since 1983.
The Government of India has been taking necessary actions to protect and conserve migratory marine species.
Seven species that include Dugong, Whale Shark, Marine Turtle (two species), have been identified for preparation of Conservation and Recovery Action Plan.
The theme of CMS COP13 in India is, “Migratory species connect the planet and we welcome them home”.
“The CMS COP 13 logo is inspired by ‘Kolam’, a traditional artform from southern India.
In the logo of CMS COP-13, Kolam art form is used to depict key migratory species in India like Amur falcon, humpback whale and marine turtles.
The mascot for CMS COP13, “Gibi – The Great Indian Bustard” is a critically endangered species which has been accorded the highest protection status under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
Permafrostis any ground that remains completely frozen—32°F (0°C) or colder—for at least two years straight.
These permanently frozen grounds are most common in regions with high mountains and in Earth’s higher latitudes—near the North and South Poles. Almost a quarter of the land area in the Northern Hemisphere has permafrost underneath.
Although the ground is frozen, permafrost regions are not always covered in snow. Most permafrost is located in high latitudes (in and around the Arctic and Antarctic regions), but at lower latitudes alpine permafrostoccurs at higher elevations.
The thawing of permafrost has implications for the global climate.
Recently, the Government has given clearance to an ambitious Gene-mapping project called Genome India Project.
The Project will involve 20 leading institutions including the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru and a few IITs.
The IISc’s Centre for Brain Research, an autonomous institute, will serve as the nodal point of the project.
Its aim is to ultimately build a grid of the Indian “reference genome”, to understand fully the type and nature of diseases and traits that comprise the diverse Indian population.
A team of scientists is preparing to dive deep into the depths of the Indian Ocean — into a “Midnight Zone” where light barely reaches but life still thrives.
Scientists from the British-led Nekton Mission plan to survey wildlife and gauge the effects of climate change in the unexplored area.
Working with the Seychelles and Maldives governments, the five-week expedition is targeting seamounts — vast underwater mountains that rise thousands of meters from the sea floor.
To explore such inhospitable depths, Nekton scientists will board one of the world’s most advanced submersibles, called “Limiting Factor”.
Answer : d
In its mission to Mars, NASA is sending a new laser-toting robot as one of seven instruments aboard the Mars 2020 rover.
It is called SuperCam, the robot is used for studying mineralogy and chemistry from up to about 7 metres away.
It might help scientists find signs of fossilised microbial life on Mars.
It fires a pulsed laser beam out of the rover’s mast to vaporise small portions of rock from a distance, providing information that will be essential to the mission’s success.
SuperCam looks at rock textures and chemicals to find those that formed or changed in water on Mars long ago.
SuperCam looks at different rock and soil types to find ones that could preserve signs of past microbial life on Mars if any ever existed.