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Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 18 March 2020

Question 1.

Answer- c

Explanation:

  • An enzyme that goes by the name SIRT1 is known to be associated with regulation of metabolic activities and also ageing and hence has become a target of therapeutics recently.
  • A study by researchers from Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (TIFR) shows that glucose controls the function of SIRT1 directly.
  • A shortage or absence of this control can lead to a diabetic-like state, while excess feeding and sustained low levels of SIRT1 can lead to obesity and enhanced ageing.

 

Question 2.

Answer-b

Explanation :

  • A New era for girls: Taking stock on 25 years of progress, a report brought out by UnicefPlan International and United Nations Women, shows that the promises made by governments to eliminate harmful practices against women at the time of historic Beijing conference have only been realised in part.
  • The gains made by women and girls in the 25 years since the historic Beijing conference on women’s rights are impressive. But equally worrying are the huge impediments they still face across the world.

 

Question 3.

Answer- d

Explanation :

  • In the Railway Budget 2016-17, Mission Zero Accident was one of the Missions announced, comprising of the two sub-missions:
  • Elimination of unmanned level crossings (UMLC) over broad gauge in the next 3-4 years.
  • Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS): To prevent collisions and signal passing at danger by the Loco Pilot through developing an indigenous technology and also to increase throughput by increasing average sectional speed on Indian Railways (IR).

 

Question 4.

Answer d

Explanation :

  • The Ministry of Home Affairs decided to treat COVID-19 as a notified disasterfor the purpose of providing assistance under the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF).
  • The SDRF is constituted under the Disaster Management Act, 2005 and is the primary fund available with state governments for responses to notified disasters. The Central government contributes 75 per cent towards the SDRF allocation for general category states and UTs, and over 90 per cent for special category states/UTs.

 

Question 5.

Answer- c

Explanation:

What was the Kihoto Hollohan case?

  • The law covering the disqualification of legislators and the powers of the Speaker in deciding such matters became part of the statute book in 1985 when the Tenth Schedule to the Constitutionwas adopted.
  • A constitutional challenge to the Tenth Schedule was settled by the apex court in Kihoto Hollohan

 

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