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Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 18 Dec 2019

Question 1.

Answer- a


Microsoft rolls out its K12 Education Transformation Framework more widely in India.

  1. The Framework provides a holistic framework to facilitate a comprehensive digital transformation of schools.
  2. The framework is a flexible platform based on the latest research and input from hundreds of academics, experts, and policymakers.
  3. It comprises four pillars — leadership and policy, modern teaching and learning, intelligent environments and technology blueprint.

Question 2.

Answer- a

Explanation :

  • The Convention on Cybercrime, also known as the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime or the Budapest Convention is the first international treaty seeking to address Internet and computer crime by harmonizing national laws, improving investigative techniques, and increasing cooperation among nations.
  • It was drawn up by the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, France, with the active participation of the Council of Europe’s observer states Canada, Japan, South Africa and the United States.
  • It is open for ratification even to states that are not members of the Council of Europe.
  • As of September 2019, 64 states have ratified the convention. India has not ratified yet.


Question 3.

Answer- d
  • India and Indonesia have agreed to develop a naval port in Sabang, a strategic location at the entrance of Malacca Strait.


Question 4.

Answer a

Explanation :

  • Article 6 of the Paris Agreement talks about setting up a market mechanism for trading of carbon emissions.
  • A carbon market allows countries, or industries, to earn carbon credits for the emission reductions they make in excess of what is required of them.
  • These carbon credits can be traded to the highest bidder in exchange of money.
  • The buyers of carbon credits can show the emission reductions as their own and use them to meet their own reduction targets.
  • Article 6 creates two types of Carbon market.
  • Article 6.4 creates a centralized global market referred to as the Sustainable Development Mechanism (SDM).
  • This is a successor to the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) under the Kyoto Protocol.


Question 5.

Answer-  d


  • In July this year, California became the first state in the US to make discrimination over natural hair illegal.
  • New York followed suit and now New Jersey has become the latest US state to pass such legislation, called Creating a Respectful and Open World for Natural Hair (CROWN) Act.
  • CROWN aims to protect people of colour from being discriminated against for their natural hair, especially at the workplace.
  • A study conducted recently by Unilever-owned brand Dove concluded that black women were 80% more likely to change their natural hair in order to meet social norms or expectations at work.
  • It also said that black women are 50% more likely to be sent home or to know of another black woman who has been sent home from the workplace because of her hair.


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