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Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 17 March 2020

Question 1.

Answer- b

Explanation:

  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis is a laboratory technique. The purpose of PCR testing is to find small amounts of DNA in a sample, using a process known as amplification.
  • During PCR amplification, the DNA of interest is copied repeatedly until there is enough of it for analysis and detection.
  • For example, PCR can be used to identify small amounts of DNA from the organisms that cause gonorrheaor chlamydia that are present in a urine sample.

 

Question 2.

Answer-d

Explanation :

  • Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by the body’s immune system overreacting in response to an infection.
  • This overactive, toxic response can lead to tissue damagemultiple organ failure and death.
  • Despite the high incidence of sepsis, knowledge about sepsis prevention and early detection in Germany is significantly lower than in comparable industrialized countries.
  • Virusesbacteria, fungi or parasites – sepsis can be triggered by a variety of pathogens.

 

Question 3.

Answer- a

Explanation :

  • New website of Ministry of New and Renewable Energy was launched recently.
  • It has additional portals such as ‘Akshay Urja Portal’ and ‘India Renewable Idea Exchange’.

 

Question 4.

Answer d

Explanation :

  • Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), is a multi-disciplinary scientific organization   of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India.
  • Central Ground Water Board is the National Apex Agency entrusted with the responsibilities of providing scientific inputs for management, exploration, monitoring, assessment, augmentation and regulation of ground water resources of the country. Central Ground Water Board was established in 1970 by renaming the Exploratory Tube wells Organization under the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
  • It was merged with the Ground Water Wing of the Geological Survey of India during 1972.

 

Question 5.

Answer- c

Explanation:

  • Archimedes Principle was used in Jharkhand to rescue an elephant. The baby elephant was stuck in a well in Gumla district.

For three hours, the authorities applied the Archimedes Principle, or the ‘upward buoyant force theory’, to bring the elephant out of the well.

 

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