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Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 16 Jan 2020

Question 1.

Answer- c

Explanation:

  • A polar orbit travelsnorth-south over the poles and takes approximately 90 minutes for a full rotation.
  • These orbits have an inclination near 90 degrees.This allows the satellite to see virtually every part of the Earth as the Earth rotates underneath it.
  • Almost all the satellites that are in a polar orbit are at lower altitudes.
  • Geosynchronous satellites are launched into orbit in the same direction the Earth is spinning and can have any inclination.
  • When the satellite is in orbit at a specific altitude (approximately 36,000km above the Earth’s surface), it will exactly match the rotation of the Earth.

 

Question 2.

Answer- a

Explanation:

  • Bihuis a set of three important non-religious festivals in the Indian state of Assam—Rongali or Bohag Bihu, Kongali or Kati Bihu, and Bhogali or Magh Bihu observed in January.
  • The Rongali Bihu is the most important of the three, celebrating spring festival.
  • The Bhogali Bihu or the Magh Bihu is a harvest festival, with community feasts.

 

Question 3.

Answer- a

Explanation:

  • The Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention, established the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
  • It is a specialized agency of the UN charged with coordinating international air travel.
  • The Convention establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, security, and sustainability etc.
  • The document was drafted in 1944 by 54 nations in Chicago.

 

Question 4.

Answer : b

Explanation:

  • The Mangrove ecosystems are unique & rich in biodiversity and they provide numerous ecological services.
  • Mangrove cover has been separately reported in the ISFR 2019 and the total mangrove cover in the country is 4,975 sq km. An increase of 54 sq Km in mangrove cover has been observed as compared to the previous assessment of 2017.
  • Top three states showing mangrove cover increase are Gujarat (37 sq km) followed by Maharashtra (16 sq km) and Odisha (8 sq km).

Question 5.

Answer : b

Explanation:

  • The black-and white panda (a Giant Panda) is the logo of World Wide Fund for Nature. Panaji, Pune, and Rajkot were the three Indian cities which were selected as national finalists in 2017-2018 edition of WWF’s One Planet City Challenge (OPCC).
  • However, Rajkot emerged as the National Winner in 2017-2018 edition of WWF’s One Planet City Challenge (OPCC).

 

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