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Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 15 October 2020

Question 1.

Answer- d

Explanation:

  • It is a statutory body which was constituted by the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980.
  • It comes under the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change (MoEF&CC).
  • It considers questions on the diversion of forest land for non-forest uses such as mining, industrial projects, townships and advises the government on the issue of granting forest clearances. However, its role is advisory.

 

Question 2.

Answer- a

Explanation:

A strong wind change in Australia merged three enormous bushfires into a mega-blaze as the inferno crisis continued to pose serious threat across the country.

 

Question 3.

Answer- b

Explanation:

  • Recently, The New York Times reported that the “near-extinct” Nepalese language ‘Seke’ has just 700 speakers around the world.
  • UNESCO’s Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger,project is intended to raise awareness about language endangerment and the need to safeguard the world’s linguistic diversity among policy-makers, speaker communities and the general public.
  • It acts as a tool to monitor the status of endangered languages and the trends in linguistic diversity at the global level.
  • UNESCO provide a classification system to show just how ‘in trouble’ the language is:

 

Question 4.

Answer : a
  • Recent report shows that a Huge increase in Open-loop scrubber usage in ships.
  • It is to remove SOx from the exhaust and operates utilising seawater in marine engines.
  • Open loop scrubbers release sulphur exhaust that they clean in ships back into the sea and are thus more harmful than Closed loop scrubbers.
  • According to Global Data, a data and analytics company, there are currently 3,756 vessels with scrubbers installed, compared to just 767 in 2018. Out of these, only 65 have closed-loop, rest are all open-loop.
  • The International Maritime Organisat

 

Question 5.

Answer : a
  • The Collective Security Treaty was signed by Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan on May 15, 1992.
  • Current CSTO members are Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Federation and Tajikistan.

 

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