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Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 12 January 2021

Question 1.

Answer- d


  • The Nature Index is a database of author affiliation informationcollected from research articles. It is based on the institution’s or country’s share of articles published in the 82 prestigious scientific journals selected by an independent panel of experts and tracked by the Nature Index database. The database is compiled by Nature Research.
  • Indiahas been placed at 12th position in country wise ranking.
  • Globally the top-rated Indian institutions in this list are Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), a group of 39 institutions at the 160th position and Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore at the 184th position.


Question 2.

Answer- c


  • The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)is a statutory body of the Ministry, with an overarching supervisory/coordination role, performing functions as provided in the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • All India Tiger Estimation conductedin 2006, 2010, 2014 and 2018 is quadrennial exercise observing status of Tiger population in India by Wildlife Institute of India and NTCA.
  • India is a signatory to the  Petersburg Declaration on Tiger Conservation which aimed to double the wild tigers in respective countries by 2022.


Question 3.

Answer-  d

Explanation :

  • The Indian-American soil scientist Dr Rattan Lal has been named as this year’s recipient of the World Food Prize for developing and mainstreaming a soil-centric approach to increasing food production that conserves natural resources and mitigates climate change
  • The World Food Prize was establishedby Nobel Peace Prize laureate Norman Borlaug in 1986.
  • The foundation is based in Des Moines, Iowa in US and the first recipientof this award was Indian agricultural scientist Dr M.S. Swaminathan in 1987, regarded as the father of India’s Green Revolution.


Question 4.



  • The Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman presented the Economic Survey 2019-20 in Parliament recently.


  • The Survey affirms that disinvestment improves firm performance and overall productivity, and unlocks their potential to create wealth.
  • This would have a multiplier effect on other sectors of the economy.
  • Aggressive disinvestment, preferably through the route of strategic sale, should be utilized to bring in higher profitability, promote efficiency, increase competitiveness and to promote professionalism in management in CPSEs, the Survey advocates.
  • The Survey notes that there are about 264 CPSEs under 38 different Ministries/Departments.


Question 5.

Answer- a


  • Odisha Forest Department officials, wildlife experts and researchers have sighted 146 endangered Irrawaddy dolphins in Chilika Lake, which boasts of the highest single lagoon population of the aquatic mammal in the world.
  • The direct sighting of 146 dolphins only corroborates the estimate of the Chilika Development Authority (CDA), which does counting of dolphins round the year using hydrophones.
  • According to hydrophone monitoring carried out round the year in Chilika, the highest number of Irrawaddy dolphins (20-25) was moving around Rajhans, followed by the Magarmukh and Malatikuda areas, where dolphins numbering between 17-20 were expected.


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