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Daily Current Affairs Answer & Explanation : 02 June 2020
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a collection of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean. Also known as the Pacific trash vortex, the garbage patch is actually two distinct collections of debris bounded by the massive North Pacific Subtropical Gyre.
India is signatory to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL).
National Centre for Disease Control- New Delhi
National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases- West Bengal
National Institute of Research in Tribal Health – Jabalpur
SreeChitraTirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, an Institute of National Importance, of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), has developed a diagnostic test kit ChitraGeneLAMP-Nthat can confirm COVID19 in 2 hours at low cost.
It is not based on antibodydetection; it ratherdetects the N Gene of SARS- COV2 using reverse transcriptase loop-mediated amplification of viral nucleic acid (RT-LAMP).
It is highly specific for SARS-CoV-2 N-gene and can detect two regions of the gene, which will ensure that the test does not fail even if one region of the viral gene undergoes mutation during its current spread.
COBAS-6800 is a molecular testing kit developed by Roche Diagnostics(a diagnostic division of Hoffmann-La Roche, Switzerland).
It is being used as diagnostic test kit for COVID-19.
It has been procured by the Government of India for testing of COVID-19 cases and is installed at the National Centre for Disease Control.
The World Health Assembly, a forum through which the World Health Organization is governed, has designated 2020 the International Year of the Nurse and the Midwife.
Nurses and midwives play a vital role in providing health services.
These are the people who devote their lives to caring for mothers and children; giving lifesaving immunizations and health advice; looking after older people and generally meeting everyday essential health needs.
The world needs 9 million more nurses and midwives if it is to achieve universal health coverage by 2030.