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Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Climate Change Performance Index( CCPI)
Why in News?
The CCPI has recently released the report for 2019.
The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an instrument covering 58 countries and supposed to enhance transparency in international climate politics.
On the basis of standardized criteria, the index evaluates and compares the climate protection performance of 58 countries that are, together, responsible for more than 90% of global energy-related CO2 emissions.
80% of the evaluation is based on objective indicators of emissions trend and emissions level.
20% of the index results are built upon national and international climate policy assessments by more than 200 experts from the respective countries.
Highlights of the report:
Only few countries have started working towards limiting global warming below 2°C or even at 1.5°C.
Globally, Sweden is in top position, followed by Morocco and Lithuania in the CCPI 2019.
The bottoms five in the list are Saudi Arabia, U.S., Iran, South Korea and Taiwan.
India ranks 11th in this year’s CCPI, improving its standing by three places compared to the previous edition.
The U.S. and Saudi Arabia are among major polluters showing “hardly any signs” of reducing their greenhouse gas production, a global assessment of countries’
Inner Line Permit : Nagaland
Why in news?
A petition filed before the Supreme Court has sought a direction to the Centre and the Nagaland government to take appropriate steps for the protection of life and liberty, properties and other fundamental rights of non-Nagas living in Dimapur following the imposition of the Inner Line Permit (ILP).
The plea has challenged certain sections of the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873which gives unbridled power to a State to prescribe ILP.
The act empowers a State government to prescribe ‘Inner Line’to prohibit citizens of India or any class of such citizens going beyond the prescribed line without a pass.
The colonial-era regulation was passed by the then British government to prohibit Indian citizens to move in selects districts to create monopoly in business.
However, it continues to be used in India, officially to protect tribal cultures in north-eastern India.
Inner Line Permit:
ILP is an official travel document issued by the Government of India to grant inward travel of an Indian citizen into a protected areafor a limited period. Visitors are not allowed to purchase property in these regions.
Restrictions are imposed on the entry of outsiders to maintain the original identity of indigenous people of Mizoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.The entry of outsiders is not allowed without ILP.
The document is issued under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873 and the conditions and restrictions vary from state to state.
Recently, the State Cabinet had taken a decision to extend the operation of the 1873 Regulation in Dimapur.
Therefore, many non-Nagas who have landed properties with commercial shops, godowns, etc. and who are staying in as tenants, and many locals who earn their income by means of collecting rent from tenants would be adversely affected
Many non-nagas have been regarded as outsiders by the government of Nagaland, which is racial discrimination.
Facts for Prelims
Ban on Russia from Olympic & World Cup:
Russia has been handed a four-year ban from all major sporting events by the World Anti-Doping Agency (Wada).
It means the Russia flag and anthem will not be allowed at events such as the Tokyo 2020 Olympics and Paralympics and football’s 2022 World Cup in Qatar.
But athletes who can prove they are untainted by the doping scandal will be able to compete under a neutral flag.