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Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Why in news?
Centre extended the ban on the Assam-based insurgent group National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) by five more years.
Bodoland dispute :
Bodos are the single largest tribal community in Assam, making up over 5-6 per cent of the state’s population.
The four districts in Assam — Kokrajhar, Baksa, Udalguri and Chirang — that constitute the Bodo Territorial Area District (BTAD), are home to several ethnic groups.
The Bodos have had a long history of separatist demands, marked by armed struggle.
In 1966-67, the demand for a separate state called Bodoland was raised under the banner of the Plains Tribals Council of Assam (PTCA), a political outfit.
In 1987, the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) renewed the demand.
The unrest was fallout of the Assam Movement (1979-85), whose culmination the Assam Accord — addressed the demands of protection and safeguards for the Assamese people, leading the Bodos to launch a movement to protect their own identity.
Alongside political movements, armed groups have also sought to create a separate Bodo state.
In October 1986, the prominent group Bodo Security Force (BdSF) was formed by Ranjan Daimary.
The BdSF subsequently renamed itself as the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB), an organisation that is known to be involved in attacks, killings, and extortions.
In the 1990s, Indian security forces launched extensive operations against the group, causing the latter to flee to bordering Bhutan. In Bhutan, the group faced stiff counter-insurgency operations by the Indian Army and the Royal Bhutan Army in the early 2000s.
Facts for Prelims
Guru Ghasidas National Park – the 4th
Location – Chhattisgarh
The other three tiger reserves in the state: Achanakmar Tiger Reserve, Udanti-Sitanadi Tiger Reserve and Indravati Tiger Reserve.