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Daily Current Affairs – 2019

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Bodoland dispute

27thNovember 2019

Why in news?

Centre extended the ban on the Assam-based insurgent group National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) by five more years.

Bodoland dispute :

  • Bodos are the single largest tribal community in Assam, making up over 5-6 per cent of the state’s population.
  • The four districts in Assam — Kokrajhar, Baksa, Udalguri and Chirang — that constitute the Bodo Territorial Area District (BTAD), are home to several ethnic groups.
  • The Bodos have had a long history of separatist demands, marked by armed struggle.
  • In 1966-67, the demand for a separate state called Bodoland was raised under the banner of the Plains Tribals Council of Assam (PTCA), a political outfit.
  • In 1987, the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) renewed the demand.
  • The unrest was fallout of the Assam Movement (1979-85), whose culmination the Assam Accord — addressed the demands of protection and safeguards for the Assamese people, leading the Bodos to launch a movement to protect their own identity.
  • Alongside political movements, armed groups have also sought to create a separate Bodo state.
  • In October 1986, the prominent group Bodo Security Force (BdSF) was formed by Ranjan Daimary.
  • The BdSF subsequently renamed itself as the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB), an organisation that is known to be involved in attacks, killings, and extortions.
  • In the 1990s, Indian security forces launched extensive operations against the group, causing the latter to flee to bordering Bhutan. In Bhutan, the group faced stiff counter-insurgency operations by the Indian Army and the Royal Bhutan Army in the early 2000s.

Facts for Prelims

Guru Ghasidas National Park – the 4th

  • Location – Chhattisgarh
  • The other three tiger reserves in the state: Achanakmar Tiger Reserve, Udanti-Sitanadi Tiger Reserve and Indravati Tiger Reserve.

 

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