Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Why in news?
A Farmer Connect Portal has been set up by APEDA on its website for providing a platform for Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs) and Farmer Producer Companies (FPCs) to interact with exporters.
The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) was established by the Government of India under the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act 1985.
- The Authority replaced the Processed Food Export Promotion Council (PFEPC).
- APEDA, under the Ministry of Commerce and Industries, promotes export of agricultural and processed food products from India.
APEDA is mandated with the responsibility of export promotion and development of the following scheduled products:
- Fruits, Vegetables and their Products.
- Meat and Meat Products.
- Poultry and Poultry Products.
- Dairy Products.
- Confectionery, Biscuits and Bakery Products.
- Honey, Jaggery and Sugar Products.
- Cocoa and its products, chocolates of all kinds.
Administrative set up:
- Chairman – Appointed by the Central Government.
- Director – Appointed by APEDA.
- Secretary – Appointed by the Central Government.
- Other Officers and Staff – Appointed by the Authority.
- An Farmer Producer Organisation (FPO), formed by a group of farm producers, is a registered body with producers as shareholders in the organisation.
It deals with business activities related to the farm produce and it works for the benefit of the member producers.
State Energy Efficiancy Index 2019
Why in News?
The government has released the ‘State Energy Efficiency Index 2019’. The Index tracks the progress of Energy Efficiency (EE) initiatives in states and union territories based on 97 significant indicators.
- Assessment is based on their efforts and achievements in policy and regulation, financing mechanisms, institutional capacity, adoption of energy efficiency measures and energy savings achieved.
- The index incorporates qualitative, quantitativeand outcome-based indicators to assess energy efficiency initiatives, programs and outcomes in five distinct sectors – buildings, industry, municipalities, transport, agriculture, and DISCOMs.
- The first “State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index 2018”, was launched on August 1, 2018.
- The index is developed by theBureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) in association with Alliance for an Energy-Efficient Economy (AEEE).
- The 2019 index has included new indicators like the adoption of Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) 2017, energy efficiency in MSME clusters,
- Data collection: The required data were collected from the concerned state departments such as DISCOMs, Urban Development departments and other departments with the help of State Designated Agencies (SDAs).
- Comparison:For rational comparison, States/UTs are grouped into four groups based on aggregated Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) required to meet the state’s actual energy demand (electricity, coal, oil, gas, etc.) across sectors.
- The index categorises states as‘Front Runner’, ‘Achiever’, ‘Contender’ and ‘Aspirant’ based on their efforts and achievements towards energy efficiency implementation.
- The top-performing states for 2019 are Haryana, Kerala and Karnataka, are in the ‘Achiever’ category.
- Manipur, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand and Rajasthan performed the worst in theAspirant groups.
Since there isn’t state in the ‘Front runner’ category, it can be inferred that a lot more can be done at the state level to realise energy savings from energy efficiency.
TPES grouping helps states compare their performance and share best practices within their peer group.
- The index will help states contribute towards national goals on energy security and climate action by helping drive EE policies and program implementation at the state and local level.
- It will track progress in managing the states’ and India’s energy footprint and institutionalising the data capture and monitoring of EE activities by states.
Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)
- The BEE is a statutory body under the Ministry of Power, Government of India.
- It assists in developing policies and strategies with the primary objective of reducing the energy intensity of the Indian economy.
- BEE coordinates with designated consumers, designated agencies, and other organizations to identify and utilize the existing resources and infrastructure, in performing the functions assigned to it under the Energy Conservation Act, 2001.