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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Annual Status of Education Report (ASER)2019

24th Sep 2020

Why in news?  

Annual Status of Education Report flags poor learning outcomes in schools.

More about the news :

  • It is an annual status report released by the Non-Profit Organization Pratham.
  • ASER surveyors visited almost 37,000 children between 4 and 8 years in 26 rural districts across 24 States.
  • They asked each child to do a variety of tasks testing cognitive skills, sort images by colour and size, recognize patterns, and fit together a four-piece animal puzzle as well as simple literacy and numeracy tests.
  • Social and emotional development was tracked through activities using cards with faces showing happiness, sadness, anger and fear.

Key findings of the survey :

  • Number of girls enrolled in government schools is higher than number of boys. On the other hand, number of boys enrolled in private institutions is higher than that of girls.
  • Only 39% of girls aged 6-8 are enrolled in private schools in comparison to almost 48% of boys.
  • Only 16% of children in Class 1 in 26 surveyed rural districts can read text at the prescribed level, while almost 40% cannot even recognize letters.
  • Of six-year olds in Class 1, 41.5% of those in private schools could read words in comparison to only 19% from government schools.
  • Similarly, 28% of those in government schools could do simple addition as against 47% in private schools.
  • The report also found that more than a quarter of Class 1 students in government schools are only 4 or 5 years old, younger than the recommended age.


Raisina Dialogue

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Why in news?  

Fifth edition of the Raisina Dialogue is being held in New Delhi.

  • More than 700 international participants, including 80 from African countries, are attending the meet.
  • This year`s Dialogue is titled `Navigating the Alpha Century`.

About the Raisina Dialogue:

  • This is an annual geo-political event, organised by the Ministry of External Affairs and Observer Research Foundation (ORF).
  • It is designed to explore prospects and opportunities for Asian integration as well as Asia’s integration with the larger world.
  • It is predicated on India’s vital role in the Indian Ocean Region and how India along with its partners can build a stable regional and world order.


  • The conference is a multi-stakeholder, cross-sectoral meeting involving policy and decision-makers, including but not limited to Foreign, Defence and Finance Ministers of different countries, high-level government officials and policy practitioners, leading personalities from business and industry, and members of the strategic community, media and academia.

Significance of the event:

  • The Raisina Dialogue was born in 2016, in the belief that the Asian century that the world was talking about was not about any exclusive geographical region.
  • It was rather about the engagement of global actors with Asia and of Asia with the world.
  • So this dialogue took birth as a platform, where the old and the new could work together, to discover their connections, their inter-dependence.

Fact For Prelims :

Island Development Agency (IDA):

  • The IDA was set up on June 1, 2017 for the development of islands.
  • The meetings of the agency are chaired by the Union Home Minister.


 Members of the IDA include –

  • cabinet secretary
  • Home secretary
  • Secretary (environment, Forests and climate change)
  • Secretary (tourism) and secretary (tribal welfare).


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