Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
A Future for the world’s children Report
Why in News?
It was recently released by the World Health Organization (WHO), UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and The Lancet medical journal.
- The report calculates the Flourishing Indexand Sustainability Index of 180 countries.
- India secures 131strank on a flourishing index that measures the best chance at survival and well-being for children.
- Further, India ranked77th on a sustainability index that takes into account per capita carbon emissions and the ability of children in a nation to live healthy lives.
About the Flourishing Index:
- Flourishing is the geometric meanof Surviving and Thriving.
- The parameter of Survivingconsiders maternal survival, survival in children younger than 5 years old, suicide, access to maternal and child health services, basic hygiene, sanitation, and lack of extreme poverty.
- The parameter of Thrivingconsiders educational achievement, growth and nutrition, reproductive freedom, and protection from violence.
- Norway leadsthe table for survival, health, education and nutrition rates – followed by the Republic of Korea and the Netherlands.
- The Central African Republic, Chad and Somaliarank at the
- It also mentioned that the world’s survival depended on children being able to flourish,but no country is doing enough to give them a sustainable future.
About Sustainability Index:
- The Sustainability Index ranks countries on the basis of excess carbon emissionscompared with the 2030 target.
- It also states that today’s national conditions for children to survive and thrive must not come at the cost of eroding future global conditions for children’s ability to flourish.
The leading countries in the Flourishing Index trail behind in the case of the Sustainability Index, with Norway (156th), the Republic of Korea (166th) and the Netherlands (160th).
Each of the three emits 210 per cent more CO2 per capita than their 2030 target.
The only countries on track in Flourishing as well as in Sustainability Index are Albania, Armenia, Grenada, Jordan, Moldova, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, Uruguay and Vietnam.
The lowest emitters are Burundi, Chad and Somalia whereas the U.S, Australia, and Saudi Arabia are among the 10 worst emitters.
Public Libraries Act
The Public Library act is a legislation, which gives local administration powers to establish public libraries with the assistance from the state and the central governments.
- As of now, 19 states have enacted their own Public Libraries Act with Tamil Nadu (formerly Madras) being the first one to implement it way back in 1948.
- Kerala, Karnataka, Gujarat, Odisha and Haryana are among others that have enacted their own legislation.
- The Punjab Library Association is making efforts since 1948 to get a Punjab Public Library Act enacted.
- Public libraries Act mandates that 70 per cent financial assistance for opening a public library will come from Centre and the remaining is borne by the state government.
- This Act can thus help in opening more and more libraries, as has been done in South India where people have libraries even in their homes.
It can inculcate reading habits among youngsters as well as adults.
Facts for Prelims
It is a new species of land snail discovered recently.
It is named in honour of Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg.
- The new species comes from tropical rainforests and is sensitive to drought and extreme temperatures.
- The snails were found during a field course conducted by Taxon Expeditions at Kuala Belalong Field Studies Centre in Brunei.
- Features: The two-millimetre-long snails have dark grey tentacles, a pale body and a concave shell, whose outer part is greenish-brown.
SERB Women Excellence Award-2020:
- Dr Niti Kumar, Senior Scientist from Division of Molecular Parasitology and Immunology, CSIR-CDRI, Lucknow has received SERB Women Excellence Award-2020.
- This award is given to women scientist below 40 years of age who have received recognition from national academies.
- The women researchers will be supported by research grant of 5 lakhs per annum for 3 years by Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science & Technology, Government of India (SERB-DST).