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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

8th producing Basin of India

Why in news?

Union Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas dedicates the 8th producing Basin of India, Bengal Basin, to the nation.

Details:

  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) Limited has begun crude oil production from the Asokenagar-1 well, Bengal Basin in 24 Parganas district.
  • This has made the Bengal basin India’s eighth producing basin.

Sedimentary basins:

  • Sedimentary basins are the primary locations on the continents where sufficient subsidence exists for long-term preservation of continental sediments.
  • As the sediments are buried, they are subject to increasing pressure and begin the processes of compaction and lithification that transform them into sedimentary rock.
  • Sedimentary basins are of great economic importance. Almost all the world’s natural gas and petroleum and all of its coal are found in sedimentary rock.

Sedimentary basins in India:

  • India has 26 sedimentary basins covering an area of 3.14 million square kilometres. These include 16 on-land basins, 7 part on-land and part offshore and 3 completely offshore basins.
  • These basins are divided into three categories based on the maturity of hydrocarbon resources as under:
    • Category-I: Basins which have reserves and already producing.
    • Category-II: Basins which have contingent resources pending commercial production
    • Category-III: Basins which have prospective resources awaiting discovery
  • There are 7 Category-I Basins (to which now, the 8th one, Bengal Basin, has been added).

The 7 basins with commercial production are:

    • Cambay
    • Assam Shelf
    • Mumbai offshore
    • Krishna – Godavari
    • Cauvery
    • Assam Arakan Fold Belt
    • Rajasthan

Facts for Prelims:

India International Science Festival:

Context:

India International Science Festival (IISF) to be held from 22 – 25 December 2020.

Details:

  • IISF is an annual event organised jointly by science & technology-related Ministries and Departments of the Government of India and Vijnana Bharati (Vibha).
  • IISF is a festival to celebrate the achievements of India’s scientific and technological advancements with students, innovators, craftsmen, farmers, scientists and technocrats from India and abroad.
  • The aim is to engage the public with science and celebrate the joy of science and show the ways how science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) provide us with the solutions to improve our lives.
  • The first IISF was held in 2015.
  • Theme for IISF 2020: Science for Self-Reliant India and Global Welfare

 

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