14th Jan. 2020 Answer writing
(General Studies III)
- Why are food processing industries significant? Discuss the Scope and Significance of Food Processing Industries in India. (250words)
The Food processing industries (FPI) is a technique/ process in which food product are manufactured & preserved in an effective way to improve their quality & enhance their shelf life .
- India is the world’s second largest producer of fruits & vegetables after China but hardly 2% of the produce is processed.
- In spite of a large production base, the level of processing is low (less than 10%). Approximately 2% of fruits and vegetables, 8% marine, 35% milk, 6% poultry are processed. Lack of adequate processable varieties continues to pose a significant challenge to this sector.
Government Initiatives :
Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA)– an apex organization under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry – focusses on ‘export’ of scheduled products.
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) policy: FDI up to 100%, under the automatic route is allowed in food processing industries.
The Draft National Food Processing Policy 2017 aims to reduce wastages, increase value addition, ensure better prices for farmers while ensuring availability of affordable and quality produce to consumers.
Under the PMKSY (Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana), Mega Food Parks. Infrastructure for Agro Processing Clusters. Creation of Backward and Forward Linkages.etc
Problems in Food Processing Industries
Primitive methods of farming , Lack of storage facilities at farm & Poor yield of farm produce and therefore low returns
Lack of modern transportation facilities and high cost/ Inadequate cold storage faculties/ Higher cost of raw material and packaging/ Limited domestic market
- Food processing has numerous advantages which are specific to Indian context. It has capacity to lift millions out of poverty and malnutrition. Government should develop industry in a way keeping in mind the interests of small scale industry along with attracting big ticket domestic and foreign investments.
- The entire food value chain in India is controlled by multiple ministries, departments and laws. A comprehensive policy will ensure that various initiatives across the departments are aligned to the overall goal of ensuring availability, awareness, affordability, access, quality and safety of food.
- The target of ensuring food security for more than a billion people requires a concerted effort by all stakeholders including government and the food processing industry. In addition to private players and government, industry bodies and academia will also have a crucial role in the success of these initiatives.
Date- 14/01/2020 (Dept. of Content Development)