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12th Nov. 2019 Answer writing

(General Studies I/ II)

Q. Discuss the impacts of the Draft Education Policy- 2019 on educational reforms in India.                             / 250 Words

Model Answer:

Kasturirangan committee recently submitted a new draft National Education Policy that envisages India to become a knowledge superpower.

The draft policy provided a comprehensive and holistic view of education reforms – technical, legal, agricultural, vocational, R&D innovation, teacher’s education.


  • Anganwadi centres need to be reformed by providing basic nutrition, healthcare and pre-school education to 3-to-6-year-olds.
  • It proposes redesigning of the school curriculum for Grades 1 to 5 to include dedicated mathematics and reading hours every day.
  • ‘Remedial Instructional Aides Programme’ to draw instructors from the local community to hold remedial classes during school hours, after school hours and during summer vacations for students who need help.
  • ‘National Tutors Programme’ that will enroll the best performers of each school for up to five hours a week as tutors for students who have fallen behind.

It aims to create world-class multidisciplinary higher education institutions across the country, based on a three-tier system:

  • The draft policy envisages an amendment of the RTE Act, to increase its ambit from pre-school (age of 3 years) to class 12th.
  • Early vocational exposure, with basic knowledge of various livelihoods (gardening, pottery, electrical work, etc) will be taught at Unconditional and Elementary levels.
  • Teachers will not be engaged in time-consuming, non-teaching work such as electioneering and cooking of midday meals.
  • Para-teacher” (Shikshakarmi, Shiksha-Mitra, etc) systems to be stopped by 2022.
  • All schools will be accredited as per the School Quality Assessment and Accreditation Framework.



  • Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) is very low which is 30:1 for primary and 35:1 for upper primary level respectively.
  • India spends  8 per cent of GDP  on education which is lesser than the world average of about 4.7 per cent of GDP
  • Inadequate infrastructure (functioning toilets and running water, electricity supply.
  • Lack of quality teachers/teaching
  • Discriminatory service conditions especially for para-teachers

Way forward:

  • All schools need to be fully resourced with teachers
  • All positions need to be filled with competent and qualified teachers.
  • A development-oriented performance management system must be put in place.
  • An integrated and subject-specific programmes for teachers.
  • Common curriculum to all schools.

Thus, the provisions of draft policy are progressive ideas, but there are roadblocks in their implementation. These mostly relate to funding requirements and governance architecture. It needs doubling of public funding to 6% of the GDP. The political leadership & effective implementation of the policy can transform the nation.



Date- 12/11/2019                                                                                                     (Dept. of Content Development)


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